Gum Cleaning, Root Planning and Deep Cleaning of Gums

Gum cleaning is also known as root scaling, root planing or deep cleaning. Gum cleaning is the process whereby plaque and tartar deposited below the gumline are removed. Plaque is a thin film of bacteria that feeds off the food you eat and occasionally off your own tissues. The digestive enzymes and waste these bacteria secrete are toxic to gum and bone tissue. Plaque is able to reside just below the gumline, making it diffcult to see and remove.

If plaque is not cleaned off consistently, the bacteria, toxins, and food gathered solidifies into tartar or calculus that can only be removed by scaling treatment by your dentists. If tartar is not treat gum disease may occur.


The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated, more gum and bone tissue is destroyed. The second stage of gum dieases is known as periodontitis. Gum cleaning may be done at your dentists office easily in just one or two visits to prevent gum diseases or treat early stages of gingivities in avoiding periodontitis. Periodontitis, if left untreated, can causes tooth loss, mouth odor, bad breath or halitosis.


Healthy Gums
Healthy gums Gingivitis Gums Periodontitis Gums
Healthy gums
Red & swollen gums
Recessed Gums


Procedure for Gum Cleaning or Deep Cleaning

  1. First Evaluation and diagnosis
    • An oral examination on gum health
    • Relevant medical history are recorded. Do ensure that you report to your dentist any problems with any previous dental experience such as bleeding problems, medical conditions or allergies to medicationsand supplements
  2. Site tooth preparation
    • Local anesthetize may be given to "numb up" the tooth, jawbone and surrounding gums to make treatment more comfortable; but this is optional
  3. Gum Cleaning is done
    • Gum tissue is loosened to make room for the graft
    • The gum grafting material is then inserted and placed on
    • Stitch up to close surgical site
  4. Instructions on post care directions given
Step 1 & 2
Step 3
Step 4
Gum Cleaning Preparation
Scaling and cleaning under the gumlines
Care of Gums


Recovery Expectations

Bleeding may occur after root planning or deep cleaning but should stop within 15-30 min. after operation and may take longer in some case. Patient may slowly sip cold water to help the bleeding stop faster.You may follow your regular daily activities, avoiding excessive exertion typed of activities such as exercising or sunbathing.


Postcare Instructions after Gum Cleaning

  • If mild bleeding occurs, hold cold salt water in the mouth until it warms to body temperature
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Mild pain can be controlled with pain relieve medications as directed by your dentist
  • Complete taking the course of your prescribed antibiotic medication as directed.


Related Information to Gum Treatment

Goto section on periodontal treatments